Madhushala: Hindi

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Author : Harivanshrai Bachchan

No. of Pages : 80

Book Category : Poem,Hindi,Elder,Fiction

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Madhushala (The Tavern/The House of Wine), is a book of 135 "quatrains": verses of four lines ("Ruba'i) by Hindi poet and writer Harivansh Rai Bachchan (1907–2003). The highly metaphorical work is still celebrated for its deeply Sufi incantations and philosophical undertones and is an important work in the Chhayavaad literary movement of early 20th century Hindi literature.All the rubaaiaa (the plural for rubaai) end in the word madhushala. The poet tries to explain the complexity of life with his four instruments, which appear in almost every .First published in 1935, the work got Harivanshrai Bachchan instant fame, especially when his own recitation of the poems became a craze at kavi sammelans (Poetry symposiums), the book still sells briskly: the present publisher of the book regularly releases 2 to 3 editions every year. When first published, it met criticism from many people for its apparent praise of alcohol. As noted in Bachchan's autobiography, after listening to the poems Mahatma Gandhi stated that these criticisms were unwarranted.Madhushala was part his trilogy inspired by the Omar Khayyam's Rubaiyat, which he had earlier translated into Hindi. The other titles in the trilogy were Madhubala. About the AuthorHarivansh Rai Bachchan (27 November 1907 – 18 January 2003), born Harivansh Rai Bachchan Shrivastav, was a noted Hindi poet of Chhayavaad literary movement (romantic upsurge) of early 20th century Hindi literature. He was also a famous poet of Hindi Kavi Sammelan. He is best known for his early work Madhushala. He is also the father of Bollywood megastar, Amitabh Bachchan.Born in a Srivastava Kayastha family, in the village of Babupatti (Raniganj) in the district ofPratapgarh, U.P. near Allahabad in the United Provinces (modern Uttar Pradesh) he was the eldest son of Pratap Narayan Shrivastav and Saraswati Devi. He was called bachchan (meaning promise at home. He received his formal schooling in a municipal school and followed the family tradition of attending Kayastha Paathshaalas to learn Urdu as the first step to a career in law. He later studied at the Allahabad University and Banaras Hindu University. In this period, he came under the influence of the independence movement, then under the leadership ofMahatma Gandhi.

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